A security operations team, often known as a security operations center or Soc Security (SOC), is responsible for constantly monitoring, identifying, investigating, and responding to cyber threats. Intellectual property, human data, company infrastructure, and brand integrity are all monitored and protected by security operations teams. Security operations teams serve as a vital point of collaboration in coordinated efforts to monitor, assess, and defend against cyber-attacks as part of an organization’s comprehensive cyber security architecture.

Vulnerability assessment solutions, democratic accountability, risk, and compliance (GRC) systems, application and database scanners, intrusion prevention systems (IPS), user and entity behavior analytics (UEBA), endpoint detection and remediation (EDR), and threat intelligence platforms are examples of spokes of this model (TIP).

Incident responders, SOC security and its Analysts (levels 1, 2, and 3), threat investigators, and incident management administrators are typically part of the SOC (s). The SOC answers to the CISO, who then reports to the CIO or the CEO immediately.

10 Prime Functions Performed By The SOC:

1.    Assess the available resources

The SOC security team is in charge of two types of assets: the devices, processes, and applications they’re tasked with protecting and the defensive tools they have at their disposal to assist them to do so.

What the SOCS Security?

SOC security can’t protect systems and sensors that aren’t visible. Without visibility and control from device to cloud, there are likely to be blind spots in the network security posture that can be recognized and exploited. The purpose of the SOC is to get a holistic picture of the business’ threat landscape, which includes not just on-premises endpoints, servers, and software, but also 3rd services and communication moving between these assets.

How SOCS security Protects?

SOC security should also have a thorough awareness of all cyber security instruments on hand as well as all SOC workflows. This increases the SOC’s agility and helps it to perform at its best.

2.    Maintenance and Preparation Maintenance Preventative

When it comes to preventing disasters in the first place, even the most well-equipped and speedy response systems fall short. The socs security preventative measures are divided into two categories to help keep intruders out.

Preparation

Members of the team should keep up with the newest security developments, cybercrime patterns, and the advent of new threats on the horizon. This research can be utilized to help establish a security roadmap for the company’s future cyber or socs security operations, as well as a disaster recovery plan that will provide ready direction in the event of a worst-case scenario.

Maintenance Preventative

This step encompasses all measures done to make successful attacks more difficult, such as maintaining and updating existing systems regularly, upgrading firewall rules, correcting weaknesses, and access controls, ostracizing, and securing apps.

3.    Continuous Active Monitoring

The network is continuously scanned by the SOCS security or tool for any anomalies or suspicious behavior. By continuously monitoring the network, the SOC may be alerted to emerging threats, giving them the best chance to avert or mitigate harm. A SIEM, EDR, or even better, a SOAR or XDR, are monitoring solutions that use behavioral analysis to “teach” computers the difference between routine day-to-day operations and true threat activity, minimizing the amount of triage and analysis required by humans.

4.    Alert Management And Ranking

When monitoring tools send out alerts, it’s up to the SOC to examine each one carefully, delete any false positives, and evaluate how aggressive any true threats are and what they might be targeting. The majority of individuals associate the SOC with these behaviors.

5.    Threat Reaction

The majority of individuals associate the SOC with these behaviors. The SOCS security responds as a first response as soon as an incident is confirmed, shutting down or isolating endpoints, stopping malicious programs (or blocking them from executing), deleting files, and so on. The purpose is to react to the extent necessary while minimizing the damage to the company’s ability to continue operating.

6.    Remediation And Recovery

The SOCS security will seek to restore systems and recover any lost or compromised data following an incident. Wiping and restarting endpoints, changing systems, or, in the case of ransomware attacks, providing valid backups are all possible ways to avoid the malware. The network will be returned to its pre-incident state if this step is successful.

7.    Logging Management

The SOCS security is responsible for compiling, maintaining, and reviewing a log of all network activities and communications for the entire organization. This data is useful for establishing a baseline for “normal” network activity, identifying risks, and doing post-incident remediation and forensics. A SIEM is used by many SOCs security to aggregate and correlate data from applications, firewalls, operating systems, and endpoints, all of which produce their logs.

8.    Investigation Of The Causes

Following an incident, the SOCS security is in charge of determining exactly what happened, when, how, and why. During this inquiry, the SOC will use log data and other information to trace the problem back to its source, which will aid in preventing future problems.

9.    Security Refinement And Enhancement

Cybercriminals are always refining their tools and techniques, and SOCS security must keep up to date to stay ahead of them. This step not only brings the Security Road Map’s strategies to life but can also include hands-on techniques like red-teaming and purple-teaming.

10.          Compliance Management

The SOCS security processes are led by best practices in many cases, but others are driven by regulatory requirements. The SOC is responsible for auditing their systems regularly to ensure that they comply with any company, industry, or regulatory regulations. These regulations include GDPR, HIPAA, and PCI DSS. Following these guidelines can help secure not just the sensitive data entrusted to the organization, but also the company’s reputation and legal liabilities in the event of a breach.

Model Optimization For Security Operations

While incident response occupies the majority of the SOCS security efforts, the overall risk and compliance picture is the responsibility of the chief information security officer (CISO). A good plan includes an adaptable security architecture that enables businesses to perform efficient security operations across these functions, bridging operational and data silos. This strategy increases efficiency and decreases labor hours while increasing your information and security management posture through integration, automation, and orchestration.

Adoption of a security framework that makes it simple to integrate socs security solutions and threat intelligence into day-to-day procedures is required for an optimized security operations model. Threat data is integrated into security monitoring dashboards and reports using SOCS security technologies including consolidated and responsive dashboards, which keep operations and management informed of changing events and actions. SOCS security teams can better manage overall risk posture by connecting threat management with other risk and compliance management tools. Such configurations provide continuous visibility across systems and domains, as well as the utilization of actionable intelligence to improve security operations accuracy and consistency. Throughout the organization, centralized functions lessen the burden of manual data sharing, auditing, and reporting.

The first step in operationalizing threat management should be a thorough assessment. In addition to defenses, an organization should evaluate procedures and policies. Where does the organization have a significant presence? What about the holes? What is the risk level? What data is collected, and how much of it is utilized?

To enable effective visibility and threat management, many data sources will be required, but sifting out vital and timely information might be tough. The most relevant data has proven to be event data provided by countermeasures and IT assets, indications of compromise (IoCs) generated both internally (via malware analysis) and outside (through advanced threat feeds), and sensor-based system data (e.g., host, network, database, etc.)

These data sources are more than just a source of information for threat management. They provide context and make data relevant and actionable for more precise, accurate, and timely threat assessment throughout the iterative and interactive threat management process. A measure of organizational maturity is having access to and effectively using the correct data to support plans and procedures. Within operating consoles and across products, a “mature” scenario would comprise a process that passes on the correct information or allows direct action. When a critical event occurs, this pathway integrates IT operations and security teams, and tools into incident response.

All of these studies will help determine where further investment or friction reduction is needed to align threat management implementation with objectives. Consultants and penetration testing can help companies examine their strategy and organizational maturity, as well as their cyber security reaction to attacks, to gain a current picture of their capabilities to detect and contain hostile events. By comparing against similar organizations, this validated review can help justify and explain the need to shift or invest in cyber or socs security operations resources.

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